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UN representative Mr. Downer talks of a solution in Cyprus by the end of 2010:
The United Nation special representative for Cyprus, Mr. Downer showed hope that a deal on the separated island could be brokered by the end of this year...
Fresh Hope Comes with Cyprus Peace Talks:
Ongoing Cyprus peace talks could be a new opportunity for property investors eyeing up North Cyprus property market. ...
The Orams decision and North Cyprus economy:
What does the Orams decision really mean for North Cyprus property market?...
 

North Cyprus History


A Brief History of Cyprus

The name ‘Cyprus’ of the third largest island in the Mediterranean after Sardinia and Sicily comes, arguably, from the word ‘copper’ of which there was and possibly still is an abundance on the island.
An alternative theory is that its name comes from the word Kypros (the Greek for henna) of which there was also abundance.

The island of Cyprus has had a tumultuous history, its strategic location on the crossroads of East and West has always caused invasions, conquest and strife for her inhabitants. Before its annexation to Rome in 58 BC, Phoenicians, Achaeans, Assyrians, Egyptians, Persians and the British colonized Cyprus. However, the first inhabitants of the island date back much further; they are proved to have settled on the island around 7000 BC.

A major part of population of Cyprus accepted Christianity around 43 AD, and some 300 years later, Cyprus came under the rule of the Byzantine Empire, following the division of the Roman Empire. The Byzantine rule over Cyprus lasted until 1192, when Richard the Lionheart took possession of the island as a revenge for the misbehaviour by the rulers of Cyprus towards his fleet which was on its way to the Third Crusade. After marrying Berengaria of Navarre in Cyprus, where she was crowned the Queen of England, Richard sold the island to the Knight Templars who soon after sold it to Guy de Lusignan, the deposed King of Jerusalem. That marked the beginning of the feudal system, and the population was under severe suppression. The Lusignan Era ended when Queen Cornaro ceded Cyprus to Venice, in 1489. Venetians viewed the island as the last bastion against the Ottoman Empire in the Eastern Mediterranean, so they left their mark in Cyprus by destroying many palaces and buildings in order to surround the major cities with fortified walls, which at the time were considered works of art of military architecture. Although the Ottoman army captured almost all Cyprus in 1570, with help of these walls, the Venetians managed to hold their posts in Famagusta where the Ottoman siege of the city lasted for more than a year, until late 1571.

The Ottoman period in Cyprus lasted for more than 300 years, during which the Ottoman population of Cyprus originally gained its own Cypriot identity, bringing to existence two communities in Cyprus instead of one; Turkish Cypriot and Greek Cypriot.

In 1878, under the Cyprus Convention, the Ottoman Empire let Britain assume the administration of Cyprus in return for military support against Russia.

In 1914, Britain annexed the island as the Ottomans joined the First World War on Germany’s side. In 1925, Cyprus was declared Crown Colony, under the British Rule, following the Treaty of Lausanne.

In 1960, the Treaty of Zurich was signed to give independence to Cyprus whilst protecting the rights of the Turkish Cypriot population. The guarantors of this treaty were Britain, Greece and Turkey. In 1963 relations between the Greek and Turkish communities separated by language, culture and religion, had deteriorated.

In 1974 Greece attempted a military coup with the intention of union with Greece.

On July 20, 1974 after consultation with Britain, Turkey intervened military with peace keeping action to protect the Turkish Cypriot community. Since this time the island has remained divided with the Turkish and Greek Cypriots looking to find a fair solution to reunite the island negotiations are ongoing but slow process. On November 15, 1983 the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus was founded as a territory fully independent of the Republic of Cyprus in the south.



Period and Events

          8500 – 8000 BC
Hunter Gatherers
          7000 – 5300 BC
The first settlers: The Khirokitians
          4000 – 2500 BC
Chalcolitic (Copper) Age: stone crucifix pendants are carved
          2700 – 1600 BC
Cypriots Bronze Ages, Early and Middle: cattle, horses, and bronze making
are introduced as well as highly individual pottery style
          1600 – 1050 BC
The Late Bronze Age: period of sophisticated literate city states such as
Enkomi – Alasia and Kition
          1500 – 1450 BC
Hittite rule in Cyprus
          1450 – 1000 BC
Beginning of the Egyptian domination of the island
          1200 – 1000 BC
Establishment of the city states of Salamis ( capital at the time ), Soli, Marion,
Paphos, Kurium and Kyrenia; arrival of Greek colonies
          1000 – 850 BC
Iron Age – Cypro – Geometric Period : The coming of Iron, the Dorians and
A Dark Age also known as Cypro – Geometric I and II
          850 – 750 BC
Iron Age – Cypro – Geometric Period:  The Phoenician-led Renaissance and
Assyrian rule on the island
          750 – 475 BC
Iron Age – Cypro – Archaic Period: Time of the city – kingdoms despite the
Island being ruled by a succession of foreign countries for much of the period
( Assyrians, from 709BC; Egyptians, from c.570BC; and Persians, from 545BC
          568 – 525 BC
Egyptian domination
          525 – 333 BC
Iron Age – Cypro – Classical Period sees the Persian occupation and the rule
of the island and the duel between the city kingdoms of Kition and Salamis
          333 – 58 BC
Hellenistic Rule: the heirs of the Alexander the Great rule the island
          58 BC – 395 AD
Roman Empire ruling Cyprus: 350 years of quiet provincial prosperity
          395 – 649 AD
Island becomes a part of the Byzantine Empire when Cyprus is gradually
converted from paganism to Orthodox Christianity ( Early Byzantine Period)
          649 – 965 AD
A Second Dark Age: the island is caught on the frontier between two warring
empires of Byzantium and Islam
          965 – 1191
Return of the island to Byzantine (Late Byzantine Period)
          1191 – 1192
Rule of the island by Richard I ( the Lionheart ), of England and later by and
later by the Knights Templars
          1192 – 1489
Rule of the island by the Ottoman Empire
          1489 – 1570
Venetian domination of Cyprus
          1571 – 1878
Conquest of the island by the Ottoman Empire
          1878 – 1925
In accordance with a defence – alliance between Britain and the Ottoman Empire; the administration of Cyprus passes to Britain 
          1925 – 1960
Cyprus is annexed by Britain, when Ottoman Empire enters into the World War
I on the side of Germany; subsequently the island becomes a Crown Colony and
under the British Rule
          1960
Foundation of the Republic of Cyprus ( by the Turkish and Greek-Cypriot
Communities)
          1963
Inter – Communal strife in Cyprus and the subsequent collapse of the
constitutional rule 
          1974
Coup d’etat by the Greek army officers stationed on the island to overthrow the
President ( Makarios) with the aim of uniting the island with Greece; subsequent Turkish Military intervention ( under the provisions of the Treaty of Guarantee of The Republic of Cyprus)    
          1974
Division of the island into Turkish-Cypriot North and Greek Cypriot South
          1975
Declaration of the Turkish Federated State of Cyprus, to pave way for a federal
settlement on the island
          1983
Foundation of the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus
          1990
The Republic of Cyprus (effectively the Greek-Cypriot South Cyprus) applied for
full membership to the EU on the 4th July 1990. This application was made without the consent of the Turkish – Cypriot Community as was required by the Constitution of the ‘Republic of Cyprus’  
          2002 – 2003
Dialogue and negotiations between Denktash and Klerides to unify the North &
South before EU entry  
          2003
After 30 years borders open between North & South Cyprus on the 23rd April
2003, following the ‘Turkish-Cypriot Authorities’ ease the border restrictions 
          2004
Twin – Referendums on the uniting the island under the UN Annan’s Plan
accepted by Turkish Cypriots, but REJECTED by Greek Cypriots. Island
( effectively Greek – Cypriot Southern Cyprus) becomes of the EU

North Cyprus Property by Category






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